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Table 1 Initial operative data of 281 patients undergoing Lichtenstein hernioplasty in local anesthesia during 1996-2000.

From: Ten-year audit of Lichtenstein hernioplasty under local anaesthesia performed by surgical residents

  Specialist (%) Residents (%) p
  n = 141 n = 140  
Male/female 137/4 (97/3) 136/4 (97/3) ns
Mean age ± SD (range) 54 ± 15 (17 - 83) 53 ± 12 (19 - 80) ns
Body mass index ± SD 24 ± 3.2 25 ± 3.0 Ns
Lateral/medial hernia 90/51 (64/36) 73/67 (52/48) ns
Size of the defect (cm)    
   < 1.5 30 (21) 28 (20) ns
   1.5-3 70 (50) 66 (47) ns
   > 3.0 41 (29) 46 (33) ns
Right/left sided 62/79 (44/56) 63/77 (45/55) ns
Mean operative time ± SD 39 ± 13 min 62 ± 18 min *** p < 0.0001
Wound infections 2 (1.1) 1 (0.7) ns
Wound hematoma 2 (1.1) 4 (3.0) ns
  1. * includes 36 teaching operations