Trauma care and orthopedic surgery

Section edited by Mark Hammerberg

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of trauma surgery and general orthopedic surgery including traumatic brain injury, submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Technical advance

    Application of intraoperative limb-length measurement by a new osteotomy device in hemiarthroplasty for treating femoral neck fracture

    Limb length discrepancy is one of the most common complications after hip arthroplasty. We developed a device - intraoperative limb-length measurement and osteotomy device (ILMOD), and applied it to patients w...

    Zhanle Zheng, Lei Yang, Yanling Su, Xian Yu, Zhiyong Hou and Yingze Zhang

    BMC Surgery 2017 17:57

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Are there too many screw holes in plates for fracture fixation?

    Implant breakage after the fixation of traumatic fractures is rare; however, when it occurs, it is debilitating for the patients and a challenge for surgeons. The purpose of this study was to analyze and ident...

    Hongzhi Lv, Wenli Chang, Peizhi Yuwen, Na Yang, Xiaoli Yan and Yingze Zhang

    BMC Surgery 2017 17:46

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Albumin and surgical site infection risk in orthopaedics: a meta-analysis

    Surigical site infection has been a challenge for surgeons for many years, the prevalence of serum albumin <3.5g/dL has been reported to be associated with increased orthopaedic complications. However, the pro...

    Peizhi Yuwen, Wei Chen, Hongzhi Lv, Chen Feng, Yansen Li, Tao Zhang, Pan Hu, Jialiang Guo, Ye Tian, Lei Liu, Jiayuan Sun and Yingze Zhang

    BMC Surgery 2017 17:7

    Published on: 16 January 2017

  4. Research article

    Spine surgery outcome in patients who sought compensation after a motor vehicle accident: a retrospective cohort study

    Back and neck pain are common after road traffic injury and are treated by spine surgery in some cases. This study aimed to describe the outcomes of spine surgery in people who made an insurance claim after ro...

    Pooria Sarrami, Rafael Ekmejian, Justine M. Naylor, Joseph Descallar, Robindro Chatterji and Ian A. Harris

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:76

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  5. Research article

    Complications and long-term outcomes after open surgery for traumatic subaxial cervical spine fractures: a consecutive series of 303 patients

    Patient selection for surgical treatment of subaxial cervical spine fractures (S-CS-fx) may be challenging and is dependent on fracture morphology, the integrity of the discoligamentous complex, neurological s...

    Hege Linnerud Fredø, Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Mehran Rezai, Pål Rønning, Bjarne Lied and Eirik Helseth

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:56

    Published on: 15 August 2016

  6. Research article

    Total knee arthroplasty using trochlear groove as guide for position of femoral component in severe knee osteoarthritis

    Apart from transepicondylar axis, the native femoral sulcus was also reported to be used as a guide for the femoral component position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it was not shown in patients wi...

    Gangyong Huang, Jun Xia, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Jianguo Wu, Feiyan Chen, Jie Chen and Jingsheng Shi

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:33

    Published on: 23 May 2016

  7. Research article

    Prevention of heterotopic ossification: an experimental study using a plasma expander in a murine model

    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Curr...

    Stefan M. Zimmermann, Lukas W. Schwitter, Max J. Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:29

    Published on: 4 May 2016

  8. Research article

    A survey on beliefs and attitudes of trainee surgeons towards placebo

    The aim of this study was to investigate the beliefs and attitudes of trainee surgeons regarding placebo interventions, in surgical practice and in research, and to compare them to those of senior orthopaedic ...

    Mathew J. Baldwin, Karolina Wartolowska and Andrew J. Carr

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:27

    Published on: 27 April 2016

  9. Research article

    Performance of medical students on a virtual reality simulator for knee arthroscopy: an analysis of learning curves and predictors of performance

    Ethical concerns for surgical training on patients, limited working hours with fewer cases per trainee and the potential to better select talented persons for arthroscopic surgery raise the interest in simulat...

    Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, Ilhui Wicki, Livia Holenstein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Christian Gerber

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:14

    Published on: 25 March 2016

  10. Research article

    The bicipital groove as a landmark for reconstruction of complex proximal humeral fractures with hybrid double plate osteosynthesis

    Complex proximal humerus fractures with metaphyseal comminution remain challenging regarding reduction and stability. In most fracture patterns the hard bone of the bicipital groove remains intact. In this cas...

    Jan Theopold, Bastian Marquaß, Johannes Fakler, Hanno Steinke, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp

    BMC Surgery 2016 16:10

    Published on: 12 March 2016

  11. Research article

    Safety of bioabsorbable implants in vitro

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety of bioabsorbable plates and screws in humans.

    Mehmet Isyar, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Gurdal Nusran, Olcay Guler, Sercan Yalcin and Mahir Mahirogullari

    BMC Surgery 2015 15:127

    Published on: 12 December 2015

  12. Case report

    Successful correction of tibial bone deformity through multiple surgical procedures, liquid nitrogen-pretreated bone tumor autograft, three-dimensional external fixation, and internal fixation in a patient with primary osteosarcoma: a case report

    In a previous report, we described a method of reconstruction using tumor-bearing autograft treated by liquid nitrogen for malignant bone tumor. Here we present the first case of bone deformity correction foll...

    Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Toshiharu Shirai, Hideji Nishida, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Koji Watanabe, Shinji Miwa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    BMC Surgery 2015 15:124

    Published on: 7 December 2015

  13. Case report

    Seatbelt sign in a case of blunt abdominal trauma; what lies beneath it?

    The reported incidence of hollow viscus injuries (HVI) in blunt trauma patients is approximately 1 %. The most common site of injury to the intestine in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is the small bowel followed...

    Michail G. Vailas, Demetrios Moris, Stamatios Orfanos, Chrysovalantis Vergadis and Alexandros Papalampros

    BMC Surgery 2015 15:121

    Published on: 30 October 2015

  14. Study protocol

    Patient education for alcohol cessation intervention at the time of acute fracture surgery: study protocol for a randomised clinical multi-centre trial on a gold standard programme (Scand-Ankle)

    Patients with hazardous alcohol intake are overrepresented in emergency departments and surgical wards. These patients have an increased risk of postoperative complications with prolonged hospital stays and ad...

    Hanne Tønnesen, Julie Weber Egholm, Kristian Oppedal, Jes Bruun Lauritzen, Bjørn Lindegård Madsen and Bolette Pedersen

    BMC Surgery 2015 15:52

    Published on: 1 May 2015

  15. Research article

    Influence of skin incision position on physiological and biochemical changes in tissue after primary total knee replacement – A prospective randomised controlled trial

    Influence of skin incision position on physiological and biochemical changes in tissue after primary total knee replacement. A prospective randomised controlled trial.

    David Q Donaldson, Matthew Torkington, Iain C Anthony, Eugene F Wheelwright, Mark JG Blyth and Bryn G Jones

    BMC Surgery 2015 15:44

    Published on: 16 April 2015

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